Decolonising postcolonial thinking

Ethnocentrism and sociocentrism as transideological and multiscalar phenomena


  • Marcelo Lopes de Souza Federal University of Rio de Janeiro


Postcolonial studies, ethnocentrism, sociocentrism, multiscalarity


Radical intellectuals and researchers have become accustomed to a kind of ‘ideological comfort zone,’ based on the tacit assumption that there must necessarily be a correspondence between the convictions and critical and anticolonial values of scholars and activists, on the one hand, and their concrete behaviour as individuals, on the other hand. It would be great if that were so, of course; unfortunately, this is a naïve oversimplification.
This article contains reflections based on three decades of an intense interaction of a geographer born and based in a ‘semiperipheral’ country (Brazil) with numerous colleagues from his own country as well as many other countries (in the Americas, Europe and Africa). During this time, I have learned a lot about the permanence of subtle forms of colonialism even among ‘northern’ colleagues recognised by their peers as progressive. However, I have also observed many problems commonly credited to ‘colonialism’ also at the national and local level in my own country, and this experience has convinced me that the typical indignation on the part of ‘southern’ progressive intellectuals in the face of ‘northern’ Eurocentrism is legitimate but rather insufficient  and often a little hypocritical. There are deep-rooted, ‘structural’ contradictions, so that elements of ethnocentric and/or sociocentric thinking can be often found even in the works and above all behaviour of ‘postcolonial,’ left-wing social scientists.

While geographers certainly cannot be excluded from this critical assessment, geography potentially offers some important tools for the analysis of the problem from a viewpoint broader than it is usually the case: the epistemological lenses of multiscalarity are particularly relevant here. Hence, I would like to provide with this paper a re-assessment of a problem that has been intensely discussed for several decades, but this time from a perspective that clearly benefits from a special attention devoted to spatiality, as perceived by a ‘southern’ researcher. Moreover, I am also interested in making my ethical-political point of view  the left-libertarian thought and praxis very explicit, not only for the sake of intellectual honesty but also in order to explore the question about possible specificities of left-libertarians (anarchists, neo-anarchists and libertarian autonomists) vis-à-vis Marxists.

Author Biography

Marcelo Lopes de Souza, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Department of Geography, Professor


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How to Cite

Lopes de Souza, M. (2019). Decolonising postcolonial thinking: Ethnocentrism and sociocentrism as transideological and multiscalar phenomena. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 18(1), 1–24. Retrieved from